JACOB BEN YAKAR (d. 1064), German rabbi. Jacob was the principal teacher of rashi , who refers to him as "ha-Zaken," and also of Solomon b. Samson. Another of his pupils was the "gaon" quoted in the Shitah Mekubbeẓet to Bava Kamma, from chapter 7 onward. From Worms, where he was one of the earliest scholars, Jacob went to study in the yeshivah of gershom b. judah in Mainz, and apparently headed the yeshivah for some time together with eliezer b. isaac of Worms after Gershom's death. Later he returned to Worms, but toward the end of his life he again dwelt in Mainz, and it is there that his tombstone was found. Some regard him as the head of the Worms yeshivah and the initiator there of a method of study that differed from that of the yeshivah of Mainz, but the matter is not sufficiently clear. Jacob was Rashi's teacher in both Talmud and Scripture, and Rashi says that he learned most of his Torah from him. However, he refers to him by name only on rare occasions, where the matter was not absolutely clear to him; otherwise he quotes him without mentioning his name. Rashi refers to him as "my teacher in Scripture," excluding thereby his other teacher, isaac b. judah . Joseph too quotes the comments of Jacob on Scripture. Jacob's teachings – particularly his rulings and "deeds" – are cited by Rashi and in the various books of the "School of Rashi." It is of interest that no written responsa by Jacob are extant. The Sefer Ḥasidim (ed. by J. Wistinetzki (19242), 245 no. 991) relates of him that, because of great humility, he was wont "to sweep before the Holy Ark with his beard" and Rashi too emphasizes the humility of his teacher (Maḥzor Vitry, ed. by S. Hurwitz (19232), 358 no. 321). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Epstein, in: Tarbiz, 4 (1932/33), 11–34, 153–92; V. Aptowitzer, Mavo le-Sefer Ravyah (1938), 356–7; Lipschutz, in: Sefer Rashi, ed. by J.L. Maimon (1956), 203–4; I. Elfenbein, Teshuvot Rashi (1943), 403, index; Agus, in: Roth, Dark Ages, 2 (1966), 214–9. (Israel Moses Ta-Shma)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jacob ben Yakar — (d. 1064)    German rabbi. He was a teacher of Rashi and the head of a yeshivah at Worms. He was known for his humility. He wrote glosses on several talmudic tractates …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • JUDAH BEN YAKAR — (d. between 1201 and 1218), talmudist and kabbalist, teacher of Naḥmanides . Judah was born in Provence, but in his youth he moved to northern France where he studied under isaac b. abraham , the tosafist. Subsequently he went to Barcelona where… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Guershom ben Yehouda — …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gershom ben Judah — Gershom ben Judah, (c. 960 1040? 1028?) best known as Rabbeinu Gershom (Hebrew: רבנו גרשום, Our teacher Gershom ) and also commonly known to scholars of Judaism by the title Rabbeinu Gershom Me Or Hagolah ( Our teacher Gershom the light of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Guershom ben Juda — Rabbenou Guershom Rabbenou Guershom ben Yehouda de Mayence ( 960, Metz 1028, Magenza) est considéré comme l’un des plus grands rabbins, talmudistes, légalistes et décisionnaires du monde juif, ainsi qu’en atteste son surnom Meor haGola (luminaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gershom ben-Judah — (c. 960–1028)    German Talmud scholar. Rabbi Gershom’s reputation was so high that he was known as Meor ha Golah, ‘The Light of the Exile’. He seems to have been born in Metz, in Lorraine, but he lived in Mainz, where he had his academy.… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Rabbi Salomon Ben Isaac — Rachi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Salomon ben Isaac — Rachi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moshe Ben Nahman —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Rambam. Le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isaac ben Samuel de Dampierre — …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.